CIVIL SELF-IDENTIFICATION OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE SOUTH OF UKRAINE (1992–2020)

  • Олексій Ляшенко
Keywords: Ukrainian nation, identity, self-awareness, regions, Ukraine, South of Ukraine.

Abstract

The article analyzes the socio-cultural and civic self-identification of the people of Ukraine, in particular its regional differences, features of civic self-identification of the population of the southern region of Ukraine. Indicators of civic self-identification of the adult population of the country are important qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the development of the Ukrainian nation both at the regional and national levels, and in the context of Ukraine's European integration policy.

The predominant identities of the population of Ukraine as a whole are national-state as well as local. During the existence of independent Ukraine, there are three stages of raising the national-civic identity, the boundaries between which clearly coincide with the two bifurcation crises (Maidans) in 2004-2005 and 2013-2014.

Beginning from the 2004, under the influence of the political situation in Ukraine, such a concept as «South-East» appeared and was actively promoted by certain political forces. The specific «southeastern» identity was built on the residual «Sovietness», the tendency to paternalism of power, economic pragmatism and demonstrative speaking Russian.

The south of Ukraine deserves to be considered a self-sufficient socio-cultural region of Ukraine, which in socio-cultural terms occupies an intermediate position between the Center and the East. The predominant identities of the population of the South of Ukraine are national-state as well as local.

Crimea is a special component of the southern region of Ukraine. In particular, regional autonomy of the population was more characteristic for the autonomy than in the South as a whole. Unfortunately, currently we are unable to trace the real socio-cultural processes taking place on the occupied peninsula.

Despite the state's declared course towards European integration and significant progress in this direction, European identity is not a priority for residents of any region of Ukraine, including the south.

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Author Biography

Олексій Ляшенко

Ph.D. in Historical sciences, research scientist of department of national minorities

Published
2021-02-28
How to Cite
Ляшенко, О. (2021). CIVIL SELF-IDENTIFICATION OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE SOUTH OF UKRAINE (1992–2020). Society. Document. Communication, (9/2), 154-181. https://doi.org/10.31470/2518-7600-2020-9/2-154-181